ABINGDON ARCHAEOLOGICAL GEOPHYSICS
Geophysical Survey Requirements
We find that the main problems in arranging a survey are getting detail of the site as otherwise we have to go and visit it ourselves which isn't cost effective. Recent photos of the area to be surveyed, an idea of what we are looking for and sorting out of access consents should be provided at the outset. Historic England require that for Scheduled Ancient Monuments a Section 42 Licence is required before geophysical work can take place and the costs of complying with these can treble the cost of a small test survey. The legality of Historic England's demands may well be challenged in the near future.
The Chartered Institute for Archaeologists has guidance for geophysical surveys which can be seen on their website. Below are some parts of it summarised:-
However it arises, an archaeologist should only undertake a geophysical survey which is governed by a written specification or project design, agreed by all relevant parties as this is the tool against which performance, fitness for purpose, and hence achievement of standards, can be measured. The survey project manager should be aware of and ensure compliance with all necessary legal requirements.
The specification or project design should contain, as a minimum, the following elements:
Site location (including map) and descriptions (including conditions at time of survey)
Designations (Scheduled Monument number(s))
Context of the project
Geological/geomorphological and topographical background
Archaeological and historical background
General and specific aims of the survey
Reference to relevant legislation
Report preparation (method) including data presentation
Publication and dissemination proposals
Health and Safety considerations
Contingency arrangements (if appropriate).